GEORGE F. LONGSTRETH, M.D.; DAVID D. FOX, Ph.D.; LEE YOUKELES, M.S.; ALAN B. FORSYTHE, Ph.D.; DONALD A. WOLOCHOW, M.D.
A randomized, double-blind trial of a psyllium preparation was initiated in 77 patients with painful irritable bowel syndrome. Sixty patients finished and submitted symptom data for 8 weeks while taking placebo (n = 34) or psyllium (n = 26). Increase in normal stools and decrease in pain severity (p < 0.05) occurred equally in both groups. Subjective improvement was reported by 24 of 34 patients on placebo and 20 of 26 on psyllium (p > 0.05). Five symptom variables were significantly correlated (p < 0.05) with patient's subjective global assessment (R = 0.64). Discriminant analysis of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory variables yielded overall rates of correct prediction of 66.1% for whether patients got "much better" and 77.9% for whether they voluntarily dropped from the study. A major placebo effect occurs in patients with painful irritable bowel syndrome and is probably responsible for the efficacy of psyllium. Personality factors influence the magnitude of therapeutic response and whether patients discontinue treatment within 8 weeks.
GEORGE F. LONGSTRETH, DAVID D. FOX, LEE YOUKELES, ALAN B. FORSYTHE, DONALD A. WOLOCHOW. Psyllium Therapy in the Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Double-Blind Trial. Ann Intern Med. 1981;95:53–56. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-95-1-53
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1981;95(1):53-56.
Gastroenterology/Hepatology, Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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