NEALE D. SMITH, M.D.; VEENA RAIZADA, M.D.; JONATHAN ABRAMS, M.D.
Before prosthetic function can be adequately assessed, physicians must be acquainted with the normal acoustic events associated with these devices. The auscultatory findings of the most commonly used devices—ball, disk, porcine, and bileaflet valves—are reviewed. The mechanisms of sound production and their timing are discussed.
SMITH ND, RAIZADA V, ABRAMS J. Auscultation of the Normally Functioning Prosthetic Valve. Ann Intern Med. 1981;95:594–598. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-95-5-594
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1981;95(5):594-598.
Cardiology, Valvular Heart Disease.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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