EFRAIN REISIN, M. D.; EDWARD D. FROHLICH, M.D.; FRANZ H. MESSERLI, M.D.; GERALD R. DRESLINSKI, M.D.; FRANCIS G. DUNN, M.D.; MARTHA M. JONES, B.S., R.D.; HUGH M. BATSON Jr., M.D.
Intravascular volumes and systemic and regional hemodynamic variables were measured before and after weight reduction in 12 patients with obesity and essential hypertension. These findings were compared with those in nine patients who did not have any weight loss. Reduction of mean arterial pressure significantly correlated with the fall in total body weight (r= 0.46, p < 0.05). Total circulating and cardiopulmonary blood volumes were significantly reduced (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively), and these changes permitted a decreased venous return and cardiac output (p < 0.01). This fall in cardiac output was directly related to a contracted total blood volume (r=0.49,p < 0.05) and decreased cardiopulmonary blood volume (r= 0.52, p < 0.05). Patients who did not lose weight showed no changes in any of these hemodynamic measurements. In addition, weight loss was associated with reduced resting circulating levels of plasma norepinephrine (p < 0.01), suggesting that diminished adrenergic function may also be related to weight reduction and its associated fall in arterial pressure.
REISIN E, FROHLICH ED, MESSERLI FH, DRESLINSKI GR, DUNN FG, JONES MM, et al. Cardiovascular Changes After Weight Reduction in Obesity Hypertension. Ann Intern Med. ;98:315–319. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-98-3-315
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1983;98(3):315-319.
Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Hypertension, Nephrology, Obesity.
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