Although endoscopic sclerotherapy for the treatment or prevention of variceal bleeding has the popularity of a new therapy, this born-again method was introduced in 1939 by Swedish researchers and was revived 10 years later by British otolaryngologists (1,2). Because of the popularity of portal decompressive surgery in the 1950s and 1960s, endoscopic sclerotherapy was generally ignored in the United States. In the late 1950s British physicians began to use endoscopic sclerotherapy to control active variceal bleeding. By 1973, 117 patients had been treated with a 93% success rate, and an 18% overall mortality (3). By the late 1970s, a rapidly
Endoscopic Sclerotherapy. Ann Intern Med. ;98:1009–1011. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-98-6-1009
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1983;98(6):1009-1011.
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