MICHAEL MARMOR, Ph.D.; ALVIN E. FRIEDMAN-KIEN, M.D.; SUSAN ZOLLA-PAZNER, Ph.D.; ROSALYN E. STAHL, M.D.; PABLO RUBINSTEIN, M.D.; LINDA LAUBENSTEIN, M.D.; DANIEL C. WILLIAM, M.D.; RICHARD J. KLEIN, M.D.; ILYA SPIGLAND, M.D.
The cases of 20 male homosexuals with Kaposi's sarcoma and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome were compared with those of 40 age- and race-matched male homosexual controls. Patients with Kaposi's sarcoma had lower OKT4/OKT8 (T-helper/T-suppressor) ratios than controls, due to smaller numbers of 0KT4 cells. Serum IgG concentrations and antibody titers to cytomegalovirus in patients exceeded those in controls, but patients had lower antibody titers to Epstein-Barr virus. Logistic regression analysis comparing patients with controls showed significant relative risks for Kaposi's sarcoma associated with the number of partners per month in receptive anal-genital intercourse, occasions per month of "fisting," and cytomegalovirus antibody titers. Cytomegalovirus titers also were inversely correlated with OKT4 cell concentrations in the control group. Significantly greater OKT4 cell concentrations were found at diagnosis in HLA-DR5-positive patients than in HLA-DR5-negative patients. Patients who have HLA-DR5 may express disease at lesser degrees of immunodeficiency than HLA-DR5-negative patients.
MARMOR M, FRIEDMAN-KIEN AE, ZOLLA-PAZNER S, STAHL RE, RUBINSTEIN P, LAUBENSTEIN L, et al. Kaposi's Sarcoma in Homosexual Men: A Seroepidemiologic Case-Control Study. Ann Intern Med. 1984;100:809–815. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-100-6-809
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1984;100(6):809-815.
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