DAVID H. SHEPP, M.D.; BARBARA A. NEWTON, R.N.; PAULA S. DANDLIKER, R.N.; NANCY FLOURNOY, Ph.D.; JOEL D. MEYERS, M.D.
In a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, we compared the therapeutic effect of oral acyclovir (400 mg five times daily for 10 days) with that of placebo in patients with marrow transplants and culture-proven recurrent mucocutaneous herpes simplex. Twelve patients received acyclovir and nine received placebo. Acyclovir treatment significantly shortened the median duration of viral shedding, new lesion formation, and time to first decrease in pain, resolution of pain, 50% healing, and total healing. These results compared favorably with those previously obtained with intravenous or topical acyclovir preparations. Oral acyclovir is highly effective for the treatment of recurrent mucocutaneous infections caused by herpes simplex virus in immunocompromised patients.
SHEPP DH, NEWTON BA, DANDLIKER PS, FLOURNOY N, MEYERS JD. Oral Acyclovir Therapy for Mucocutaneous Herpes Simplex Virus Infections in Immunocompromised Marrow Transplant Recipients. Ann Intern Med. ;102:783–785. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-102-6-783
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1985;102(6):783-785.
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