LUC MONTAGNIER, M. D.
Recent data indicate that the lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV) is morphologically similar to animal lentiviruses, such as equine infectious anemia and visna viruses. This finding, together with the cross-reactivity of the core proteins of LAV with those of the equine infectious anemia virus and a similarity in genome structure and biological properties, allows LAV to be placed in the retroviral subfamily of Lentivirinae. Molecular data indicate a high degree of genetic variation of the virus, especially in the envelope gene, which have important implications for the origin of the virus (the T4 lymphotropism may be a recently acquired property) and for future immunization. Another problem is the role of viral infection in the induction of irreversible immunodeficiency. This syndrome occurs in a minority of infected persons, who generally have in common a past of antigenic stimulation and of immune depression before LAV infection.
MONTAGNIER L. Lymphadenopathy-Associated Virus: From Molecular Biology to Pathogenicity. Ann Intern Med. ;103:689–693. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-103-5-689
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1985;103(5):689-693.
HIV, Infectious Disease.
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