VITO A. ANGELILLO, M.D.; SUKHDARSHAN BEDI, M.D.; DONNA DURFEE, Pharm.D.; JOANN DAHL, Pharm.D.; ALBERT J. PATTERSON, Pharm.D.; WALTER J. O'DONOHUE Jr., M.D.
In a randomized, double-blinded study, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and hypercapnia were fed low, moderate, and high carbohydrate diets to determine the effect on metabolic and ventilatory values. The low carbohydrate diet consisted of 28% carbohydrate calories and 55% fat calories and resulted in significantly lower production of CO2 (p < 0.002), respiratory quotient (p < 0.001), and arterial Pco2 (p < 0.05). At the end of the 15-day study, both the forced vital capacity (p < 0.05) and the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (p < 0.05) had improved by 22% over baseline values. Total calories given surpassed daily caloric requirements. This approach, together with a low carbohydrate, high fat mixture, may be beneficial for such patients.
ANGELILLO VA, BEDI S, DURFEE D, DAHL J, PATTERSON AJ, O'DONOHUE WJ. Effects of Low and High Carbohydrate Feedings in Ambulatory Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Chronic Hypercapnia. Ann Intern Med. ;103:883–885. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-103-6-883
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1985;103(6_Part_1):883-885.
Chronic Obstructive Airway Disease, Pulmonary/Critical Care.
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