Michael R. Freedman, PhD; Samuel J. Rosenberg, PhD; Karen B. Schmaling, PhD
To the Editors: Zinn (1) used the concept of transference to explain problematic aspects of the patient-physician relationship and to offer advice to physicians on the handling of patients' transferences. Transference is a psychoanalytic term (2) describing the repetition of previously acquired attitudes, beliefs, affects, and perceptions. Zinn (1) described transference as emanating from the patient, as the displacement onto their physician of past experiences with important figures. The description of problematic patient transferences and the outline of potentially helpful physician responses is consistent with this intrapsychic view of transference.
The physician's behavior toward the patient may influence the patient's
Freedman MR, Rosenberg SJ, Schmaling KB. Transference. Ann Intern Med. 1991;114:169. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-114-2-169_1
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1991;114(2):169.
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