Brian Hjelle, MD; S. Cyrus, MT (SBB); S. G. Swenson, MT (SBB)
To the Editors: We know little about the routes of spread of human T lymphotropic virus type II (HTLV-II). Direct evidence for spread of HTLV-II has been documented only for transfusion (1, 2), but epidemiologic evidence supports its transmission sexually and via contaminated needles in drug users (3, 4). Antibodies to HTLV-II are usually detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot reagents prepared from HTLV-I-infected cells.
We have studied family members of patients with documented HTLV-II infection to ascertain the frequency with which close family contacts become infected. Serologic testing of the approximately 4000 donations per month to
Hjelle B, Cyrus S, Swenson SG. Evidence for Sexual Transmission of Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type II. Ann Intern Med. ;116:90–91. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-116-1-90
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1992;116(1):90-91.
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