Mary E. Chamberland, MD, MPH; David M. Bell, MD
The epidemiologic and laboratory investigation of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from an infected dentist to five patients (1,2) presents us with hard questions. What is the risk of transmission of HIV from health care worker to patient? How can this risk be quantified, or at best, characterized? How might this risk be reduced?
We know several facts about HIV transmission in the health care setting. First, blood is the single most important source of HIV infection. Second, exposure to blood through the percutaneous route is significantly more likely to transmit HIV than is mucous membrane or cutaneous contact.
Chamberland ME, Bell DM. HIV Transmission from Health Care Worker to Patient: What Is the Risk?. Ann Intern Med. ;116:871–873. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-116-10-871
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1992;116(10):871-873.
HIV, Infectious Disease.
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