Johanna Adami, MD, MPH; Olof Nyren, MD; Reinhold Bergstrom, PhD; Anders Ekbom, MD; Joseph K. McLaughlin, PhD; Claes Hogman, MD; Joseph F. Fraumeni Jr., MD; Bengt Glimelius, MD
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the seventh most commonly diagnosed malignant condition world-wide, and its incidence has increased markedly in recent decades. Blood transfusions have been implicated as a possible risk factor for non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
To determine whether blood transfusions are associated with an elevated risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Population-based, nested case–control study.
Nationwide cohort in Sweden.
361 patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 705 matched controls, nested within a population-based cohort of 96 795 patients at risk for blood transfusion between 1970 and 1983. Prospectively collected information on exposure was retrieved from computerized transfusion registries.
Odds ratios obtained from conditional logistic regression models were used as measures of relative risks.
No association was found between blood transfusions and the risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma when patients who had received transfusions were compared with patients who had not received transfusions (odds ratio, 0.93 [95% CI, 0.71 to 1.23]). A reduction in risk was seen among persons who received transfusion of blood without leukocyte depletion (odds ratio, 0.72 [CI, 0.53 to 0.97]). Risk was not related to number of transfusions, and no interaction was seen with latency after transfusion.
The findings in this study do not support previous observations of an association between blood transfusions and the risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Adami J, Nyren O, Bergstrom R, Ekbom A, McLaughlin JK, Hogman C, et al. Blood Transfusion and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Lack of Association. Ann Intern Med. ;127:365–371. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-127-5-199709010-00004
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1997;127(5):365-371.
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