Xavier Duval, MD, PhD; Bernard Iung, MD; Isabelle Klein, MD, PhD; Eric Brochet, MD; Gabriel Thabut, MD, PhD; Florence Arnoult, MD; Laurent Lepage, MD; Jean-Pierre Laissy, MD, PhD; Michel Wolff, MD; Catherine Leport, MD, PhD; IMAGE (Resonance Magnetic Imaging at the Acute Phase of Endocarditis) Study Group
Neurologic complications of endocarditis can influence diagnosis, therapeutic plans, and prognosis.
To describe how early cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) affects the diagnosis and management of endocarditis in hospitalized adults.
Single-center prospective study between June 2005 and October 2008. (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00144885)
Tertiary care university hospital in France.
130 patients with endocarditis.
Cerebral MRI with angiography performed up to 7 days after admission and before any surgical intervention.
2 experts jointly established the endocarditis diagnostic classification (according to Duke-modified criteria) and therapeutic plans just before and after MRI and then compared them.
Endocarditis was initially classified as definite in 77 patients and possible in 50 and was excluded in 3. Sixteen patients (12%) had acute neurologic symptoms. Cerebral lesions were detected by MRI in 106 patients (82% [95% CI, 75% to 89%]), including ischemic lesions in 68, microhemorrhages in 74, and silent aneurysms in 10. Solely on the basis of MRI results and excluding microhemorrhages, diagnostic classification of 17 of 53 (32%) cases of nondefinite endocarditis was upgraded to either definite (14 patients) or possible (3 patients). Endocarditis therapeutic plans were modified for 24 (18%) of the 130 patients, including surgical plan modifications for 18 (14%). Overall, early MRI led to modifications of diagnosis or therapeutic plan in 36 patients (28% [CI, 20% to 36%]).
Investigators did not assess whether the MRI-related changes in diagnosis and therapeutic plans improved patient outcomes or led to unnecessary procedures and increased costs.
Cerebral lesions were identified by MRI in many patients with endocarditis but no neurologic symptoms. The MRI findings affected both diagnostic classifications and clinical management plans.
French Ministry of Health.
Duval X, Iung B, Klein I, Brochet E, Thabut G, Arnoult F, et al. Effect of Early Cerebral Magnetic Resonance Imaging on Clinical Decisions in Infective Endocarditis: A Prospective Study. Ann Intern Med. ;152:497–504. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-152-8-201004200-00006
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2010;152(8):497-504.
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