Susan V. Bershad, MD
Bershad S.; Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema). Ann Intern Med. 2011;155:ITC5-1. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-155-9-201111010-01005
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2011;155(9):ITC5-1.
Eczema and atopic dermatitis (AD) are often used synonymously. The distinction is that eczema can mean inflamed skin from any cause, whereas AD is the relapsing–remitting pruritic rash that occurs at typical sites, mainly the face and skin creases, and is associated with other type I allergic disorders, such as asthma, food allergies, and allergic rhinitis.
AD is the most common skin condition of early childhood. Its prevalence may be increasing in developing countries but remains stable at about 17% in the United States (1). The disorder begins in the first 18 months of life in approximately 65% of patients and persists beyond adolescence in 40%. In addition to causing discomfort, sleep loss, and psychosocial challenges, AD can impose major financial burdens on families for direct medical care, household accommodations, and missed work (2). In the United States, the total estimated direct costs of AD range from about $400 million to $4 billion per year (3).
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Infectious Disease, Pulmonary/Critical Care, Asthma, Sleep Disorders, Prevention/Screening.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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