Bradley C. Johnston, PhD; Stephanie S.Y. Ma, MD; Joshua Z. Goldenberg, BSc; Kristian Thorlund, PhD; Per O. Vandvik, MD, PhD; Mark Loeb, MD; Gordon H. Guyatt, MD
This article was published at www.annals.org on 13 November 2012.
Acknowledgment: The authors thank Jane Saxton for conducting the literature search.
Grant Support: Dr. Johnston was supported in part by a postdoctoral fellowship from the SickKids Foundation. Mr. Goldenberg is supported by grants BUCSR-Y2-005 and BUCSR-Y2-019 from the Bastyr Center for Student Research.
Potential Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Johnston: Grants/grants pending (money to institution): Biocodex. Mr. Goldenberg: Grant: Bastyr Center for Student Research; Support for travel to meetings for the study or other purposes: Bastyr Center for Student Research. Disclosures can also be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M12-1183.
Requests for Single Reprints: Bradley C. Johnston, PhD, The Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Room 2420, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Johnston: The Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Room 2420, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada.
Dr. Ma: Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, McMaster University, Health Sciences Center 4E9, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada.
Mr. Goldenberg: Bastyr University, 14500 Juanita Drive NE, Kenmore, WA 98028-4966.
Drs. Thorlund and Guyatt: Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Health Sciences Centre 3N48, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada.
Dr. Vandvik: Department of Medicine, Innlandet Hospital Trust–Division Gjøvik, Kyrre Greppsgt 13, 2819 Gjøvik, Norway.
Dr. Loeb: Division of Infectious Diseases, McMaster University, Michael G. DeGroote Center for Learning, Room 3200, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: B.C. Johnston, G.H. Guyatt.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: B.C. Johnston, S.S.Y. Ma, J.Z. Goldenberg, K. Thorlund, P.O. Vandvik, M. Loeb, G.H. Guyatt.
Drafting of the article: B.C. Johnston, S.S.Y. Ma, J.Z. Goldenberg.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: B.C. Johnston, K. Thorlund, P.O. Vandvik, M. Loeb, G.H. Guyatt.
Final approval of the article: B.C. Johnston, S.S.Y. Ma, K. Thorlund, P.O. Vandvik, M. Loeb, G.H. Guyatt.
Provision of study materials or patients: B.C. Johnston.
Statistical expertise: B.C. Johnston, K. Thorlund, P.O. Vandvik.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: B.C. Johnston.
Collection and assembly of data: B.C. Johnston, S.S.Y. Ma, J.Z. Goldenberg, P.O. Vandvik.
Johnston BC, Ma SS, Goldenberg JZ, Thorlund K, Vandvik PO, Loeb M, et al. Probiotics for the Prevention of Clostridium difficile–Associated Diarrhea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2012;157:878-888. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-157-12-201212180-00563
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2012;157(12):878-888.
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Gastroenterology/Hepatology, Infectious Disease, Hospital-Acquired Infections, Diarrhea, Prevention/Screening.
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