Bradford D. Winters, MD, PhD; Sallie J. Weaver, PhD; Elizabeth R. Pfoh, MPH; Ting Yang, PhD; Julius Cuong Pham, MD, PhD; Sydney M. Dy, MD, MSc
Note: The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality reviewed contract deliverables to ensure adherence to contract requirements and quality, and a copyright release was obtained from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality before submission of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: All statements expressed in this work are those of the authors and should not in any way be construed as official opinions or positions of the Johns Hopkins University, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, or U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Financial Support: From the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (contract HHSA-290- 2007-10062I).
Potential Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Winters: Grant (money to institution): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; Employment: Johns Hopkins University; Expert testimony: several law firms; Payment for lectures including service on speakers bureaus: 3M; Royalties: Lippincott. Dr. Weaver: Grant (money to institution): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; Travel/accommodations/meeting expenses unrelated to activities listed: Improvement Science Research Network. Ms. Pfoh: Grant (money to institution): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Dr. Dy: Grant (money to institution): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. All other authors have no disclosures. Disclosures can also be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M12-2568.
Requests for Single Reprints: Bradford D. Winters, MD, PhD, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine and Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Zayed 9127, 1800 Orleans Street, Baltimore, MD 21287; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Drs. Winters, Weaver, Yang, and Pham: Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine and Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 750 East Pratt Street, 15th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21231.
Ms. Pfoh and Dr. Dy: Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University, Hampton House, Room 609, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: B.D. Winters, S.J. Weaver, J.C. Pham, S.M. Dy.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: B.D. Winters, T. Yang, J.C. Pham, S.M. Dy.
Drafting of the article: B.D. Winters, S.J. Weaver, E.R. Pfoh, J.C. Pham, S.M. Dy.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: B.D. Winters, J.C. Pham, S.M. Dy.
Final approval of the article: B.D. Winters, S.J. Weaver, E.R. Pfoh, J.C. Pham, S.M. Dy.
Provision of study materials or patients: B.D. Winters.
Statistical expertise: T. Yang, J.C. Pham.
Obtaining of funding: S.M. Dy.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: E.R. Pfoh.
Collection and assembly of data: B.D. Winters, S.J. Weaver, E.R. Pfoh, S.M. Dy.
Winters BD, Weaver SJ, Pfoh ER, Yang T, Pham JC, Dy SM. Rapid-Response Systems as a Patient Safety Strategy: A Systematic Review. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158:417-425. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-158-5-201303051-00009
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2013;158(5_Part_2):417-425.
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