Christina L. Master, MD; Laura Balcer, MD; Michael Collins, PhD
CME Objective: To review current evidence for prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of concussion.
Funding Source: American College of Physicians.
Disclosures: Dr. Master, ACP Contributing Author, has disclosed the following conflicts of interest: Payment for manuscript preparation: American College of Physicians. Dr. Balcer, ACP Contributing Author, has disclosed the following conflicts of interest: Consulting fee or honoraria: Biogen-Idec, Vaccinex, Questcor, and Acorda. Dr. Collins, ACP Contributing Author, has disclosed the following conflicts of interest: Board membership: ImPACT Applications; Consultancy: ImPACT Applications; Stock/stock options: ImPACT Applications. Disclosures can also be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M14-0497.
Editors' Disclosures: Christine Laine, MD, MPH, Editor in Chief, reports that she has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD, Executive Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Cynthia D. Mulrow, MD, MSc, Senior Deputy Editor, reports that she has no relationships or interests to disclose. Deborah Cotton, MD, MPH, Deputy Editor, reports that she has no financial relationships or interest to disclose. Jaya K. Rao, MD, MHS, Deputy Editor, reports that she has stock holdings/options in Eli Lilly and Pfizer. Sankey V. Williams, MD, Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Catharine B. Stack, PhD, MS, Deputy Editor for Statistics, reports that she has stock holdings in Pfizer.
With the assistance of additional physician writers, Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic using resources of the American College of Physicians, including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program).
Master CL, Balcer L, Collins M. Concussion. Ann Intern Med. 2014;160:ITC2-1. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-160-3-201402040-01002
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 2014;160(3):ITC2-1.
As many as 3.8 million mild traumatic brain injuries occur annually in the United States. Many of them are sports- and recreation-related, and more than 800 000 Americans seek outpatient care for this injury each year (1). With more than 40 million children participating in organized sports annually (2), children and adolescents represent a large proportion of injured persons.
Reports indicate that youths aged 10–19 years are at the highest risk among the general population (3). In addition to sports, concussions commonly occur with such events as falls and motor vehicle accidents (1). In general, males have a higher rate of concussions than females, but there is evidence that females may have a higher risk for concussion in sports with similar rules (for example, soccer or basketball) (4).
Learn more about subscription options.
Register Now for a free account.
Emergency Medicine, Neurology.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2016 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only