Virginia A. Moyer, MD, MPH; on behalf of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (*)
Disclaimer: Recommendations made by the USPSTF are independent of the U.S. government. They should not be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Financial Support: The USPSTF is an independent, voluntary body. The U.S. Congress mandates that the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality support the operations of the USPSTF.
Disclosures: Dr. Moyer: Support for travel to meetings for the study or other purposes: AHRQ. Dr. Owens: Support for travel to meetings for the study or other purposes: USPSTF. Authors not named here have disclosed no conflicts of interest. Authors followed the policy regarding conflicts of interest described at www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/methods.htm. Disclosures can also be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M14-0334.
Requests for Single Reprints: Reprints are available from the USPSTF Web site (www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org).
Moyer VA, on behalf of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Primary Care Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Illicit Drug and Nonmedical Pharmaceutical Use in Children and Adolescents: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Ann Intern Med. 2014;160:634-639. doi: 10.7326/M14-0334
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2014;160(9):634-639.
Update of the 2008 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for illicit drug use.
The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on interventions to help adolescents who have never used drugs to remain abstinent and interventions to help adolescents who are using drugs but do not meet criteria for a substance use disorder to reduce or stop their use.
This recommendation applies to children and adolescents younger than age 18 years who have not been diagnosed with a substance use disorder.
The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care–based behavioral interventions to prevent or reduce illicit drug or nonmedical pharmaceutical use in children and adolescents. (I statement)
Primary care behavioral interventions to reduce illicit drug and nonmedical pharmaceutical use in children and adolescents: clinical summary of U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation.
Appendix Table 1. What the USPSTF Grades Mean and Suggestions for Practice
Appendix Table 2. USPSTF Levels of Certainty Regarding Net Benefit
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Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Abuse, Guidelines, Prevention/Screening.
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