Lin H. Chen, MD; Davidson H. Hamer, MD
Disclosures: Disclosures can be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M16-0150.
Requests for Single Reprints: Lin H. Chen, MD, Mount Auburn Hospital, 330 Mount Auburn Street, Cambridge, MA 02138; e-mail, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Chen: Division of Infectious Diseases, Mount Auburn Hospital, 330 Mount Auburn Street, South 2, Cambridge, MA 02138.
Dr. Hamer: Center for Global Health and Development, 801 Massachusetts Avenue, Crosstown Third Floor, Boston, MA 02118.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: L.H. Chen, D.H. Hamer.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: L.H. Chen, D.H. Hamer.
Drafting of the article: L.H. Chen, D.H. Hamer.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: L.H. Chen, D.H. Hamer.
Final approval of the article: L.H. Chen, D.H. Hamer.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: L.H. Chen.
Chen LH, Hamer DH. Zika Virus: Rapid Spread in the Western Hemisphere. Ann Intern Med. 2016;164:613-615. doi: 10.7326/M16-0150
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2016;164(9):613-615.
Published at www.annals.org on 2 February 2016
Countries that have past or current evidence of Zika virus transmission (as of January 2016).
Accessed at www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/index.html on 19 January 2016.
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Faculty of Sciences, UNAM
February 2, 2016
About diseases that share reservoir and signs
The Chen and Hammer's article (1) [Zika Virus: Rapid Spread in the Western Hemisphere, Annals of Internal Medicine], particularly describes the geographic dissemination of the Zika virus disease. It is remarkable to observe a natural reservoir of climate monsoon, located in a geographic zone around the planet, between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, and also identifying important diseases: dengue (2), malaria (3), and ebola (4).In my view it is possible to use drones which identify the density of mosquitoes and individuals, as criteria for selecting the areas where these same devices automatically spread repellents containing DEET, picaridin, or IR3535, considered safe in pregnant and breastfeeding women (1).The population growth and the insufficiency of medical/preventive services in underdeveloped countries, well might benefit from this technology.Sincerely yours,Carlos Polanco, Ph.D., D.Sc.Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México City, 04510. México.Carlos Polanco is an Associate Professor in the Facuty of Sciences at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México City, México. (email@example.com).References(1) Chen LH, Hamer DH. Zika Virus: Rapid Spread in the Western Hemisphere. Ann Intern Med (2016) DOI:10.7326/M16-0150. (2) Snow RW, Guerra CA, Noor AM, Myint HY, Hay SI. The global distribution of clinical episodes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Nature 434 (7030), 214-217 (2015).(3) Rogers DJ, Wilson AJ, Hay SI, Graham AJ. The Global Distribution of Yellow Fever and Dengue. Advances in parasitology 62, 181-220. (2006).(4)Polanco C, and Castañón González JA. (letter) Check-Hayden E. Ebola teaches tough lessons about rapid research. Nature 521, 405-406 (2015).
Prof. Enrique Sanchez-Delgado, MD
Hospital Metropolitano Vivian Pellas, Managua
Ivermectin to reduce Zika transmission and other diseases by mosquito bite
Ivermectin to reduce Zika transmission and other diseases by mosquito biteThe Nobel Prize winner antiparasitary medicine Ivermectin has achieved the reduction of about a third of transmissions of malaria in Africa thanks to its ectoparasitizide effect that kills the mosquitoes after they bite the patients.It has the potential to reduce the enormous impact of Zika, Chikungunya, Dengue and Malaria in Latin America and elsewhere if is administered in one dosage to the appropriate affected patients and family circle, with minimal costs and minimal side effects.This can be done together with the other known methods to reduce the propagation of mosquitos and the transmission of these diseases.I propose the responsible authorities at the WHO/PAHO to analyze the possibilities of success for this strategy.Prof. Dr. Enrique Sánchez-Delgado, MDInternal Medicine-Clinical Pharmacology and TherapeuticsDirector of Medical EducationHospital Metropolitano Vivian Pellas, Managua
Emergency Medicine, Infectious Disease, Neurology, Rheumatology, Neuropathy.
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