Abraham Verghese, MD; Erika Brady, PhD; Cari Costanzo Kapur, PhD; Ralph I. Horwitz, MD
The bedside evaluation, consisting of the history and physical examination, was once the primary means of diagnosis and clinical monitoring. The recent explosion of imaging and laboratory testing has inverted the diagnostic paradigm. Physicians often bypass the bedside evaluation for immediate testing and therefore encounter an image of the patient before seeing the patient in the flesh. In addition to risking delayed or missed diagnosis of readily recognizable disease, physicians who forgo or circumvent the bedside evaluation risk the loss of an important ritual that can enhance the physician–patient relationship.
Patients expect that some form of bedside evaluation will take place when they visit a physician. When physicians complete this evaluation in an expert manner, it can have a salutary effect. If done poorly or not at all, in contrast, it can undermine the physician–patient relationship. Studies suggest that the context, locale, and quality of the bedside evaluation are associated with neurobiological changes in the patient. Recognizing the importance of the bedside evaluation as a healing ritual and a powerful diagnostic tool when paired with judicious use of technology could be a stimulus for the recovery of an ebbing skill set among physicians.
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Verghese A, Brady E, Kapur CC, Horwitz RI. The Bedside Evaluation: Ritual and Reason. Ann Intern Med. 2011;155:550–553. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-155-8-201110180-00013
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2011;155(8):550-553.
Cardiac Diagnosis and Imaging, Cardiology, Education and Training, Neurology.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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