Christina Greenaway, MD, MSc; Pierre Dongier, MD; Jean-François Boivin, MD, ScD; Bruce Tapiero, MD; Mark Miller, MD, MSc; Kevin Schwartzman, MD, MPH
Acknowledgments: The authors thank Dr. Alexander Zinca at the Clinique Diamant for referring many of his clinic patients to our study; Ms. Marie Morahan, serology technologist at the Jewish General Hospital, for her hard work running all of the study samples; and the Ontario Public Health Laboratories for running serologic testing for many of the study serum samples to verify the testing and the functioning of the ELISA kits.
Grant Support: By the Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec (grant no. 24002-1836) and GlaxoSmithKline (protocol no. 208133-177). Drs. Greenaway and Schwartzman are recipients of research career awards from the Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec.
Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest: Grants received: C. Greenaway (GlaxoSmithKline). The Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec is a peer-reviewed organization.
Requests for Single Reprints: Christina Greenaway, MD, Division of Infectious Diseases, SMBD-Jewish General Hospital, 3755 Côte Ste. Catherine Road, Room G-143, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2, Canada; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Greenaway: Division of Infectious Diseases, SMBD-Jewish General Hospital, 3755 Côte Ste. Catherine Road, Room G-143, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2, Canada.
Dr. Dongier: Clinique Santé Acceuil, CLSC Côte-des-Neiges, 5700 Chemin de la Côte-des-Neiges, Montreal, Quebec H3T 2A6, Canada.
Dr. Boivin: Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, 1020 Pine West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A2, Canada.
Dr. Tapiero: CHU Mère-Enfant Sainte-Justine, Service de Maladies Infectieuses, 3175 Cote Ste. Catherine Road, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1C5, Canada.
Dr. Miller: Infectious Diseases, SMBD-Jewish General Hospital, 3755 Côte Ste. Catherine Road, Room G-139, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2, Canada.
Dr. Schwartzman: Respiratory Epidemiology Unit, McGill University, Montréal Chest Institute Room K1.23, 3650 St. Urbain, Montreal, Quebec H2X 2P4, Canada.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: C. Greenaway, P. Dongier, J.-F. Boivin, M. Miller, K. Schwartzman.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: C. Greenaway, J.-F. Boivin, M. Miller, K. Schwartzman.
Drafting of the article: C. Greenaway.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: C. Greenaway, J.-F. Boivin, B. Tapiero, M. Miller, K. Schwartzman.
Final approval of the article: C. Greenaway, P. Dongier, J.-F. Boivin, B. Tapiero, M. Miller, K. Schwartzman.
Provision of study materials or patients: C. Greenaway, P. Dongier, B. Tapiero.
Statistical expertise: J.-F. Boivin.
Obtaining of funding: C. Greenaway, J.-F. Boivin.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: C. Greenaway, P. Dongier, J.-F. Boivin, M. Miller.
Collection and assembly of data: C. Greenaway.
Greenaway C, Dongier P, Boivin J, Tapiero B, Miller M, Schwartzman K. Susceptibility to Measles, Mumps, and Rubella in Newly Arrived Adult Immigrants and Refugees. Ann Intern Med. 2007;146:20-24. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-146-1-200701020-00005
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 2007;146(1):20-24.
Effective vaccination programs have almost eliminated measles, mumps, rubella and congenital rubella in the United States and Canada (1, 2). Sporadic outbreaks of measles and rubella, however, continue to occur among undervaccinated populations, such as those who have declined vaccination or foreign-born individuals (3–6). Many foreign-born adult immigrants are likely to be nonimmune to measles, mumps, and rubella because childhood vaccination programs were not introduced in most developing countries until the late 1970s, because rubella and mumps vaccines are not routinely given in many countries because they are not part of the World Health Organization (WHO) Extended Program on Immunization, and because global vaccination coverage ranges from 50% to 90% (7, 8). Rubella outbreaks in the United States in the mid-1990s, where 80% of involved individuals were unvaccinated Hispanic immigrants (9–11), highlight the potential vaccination gaps among adult immigrants. Immigrants have also accounted for some of the imported cases of measles in the United States over the past decade (6). Mumps seroprevalence is not well-defined in the immigrant population.
to gain full access to the content and tools.
Learn more about subscription options.
Register Now for a free account.
Infectious Disease, Prevention/Screening.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2016 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only