Mary K. Serdula, MD; M. Elizabeth Collins, HSD; David F. Williamson, PhD; Robert F. Anda, MD; Elsie Pamuk, PhD; Tim E. Byers, MD
Serdula MK, Collins ME, Williamson DF, Anda RF, Pamuk E, Byers TE. Weight Control Practices of U.S. Adolescents and Adults. Ann Intern Med. 1993;119:667-671. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-119-7_Part_2-199310011-00008
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1993;119(7_Part_2):667-671.
To estimate the prevalence of various weight-loss practices in U.S. adolescents and adults.
The Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a self-administered survey of a random sample of high school students in 1990 and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a random-digit dial survey in 1989.
Thirty-eight states and the District of Columbia.
High school students (n = 11 467) and adults 18 years and older (n = 60 861).
Among high school students, 44% of female students and 15% of male students reported that they were trying to lose weight. An additional 26% of female students and 15% of male students reported that they were trying to keep from gaining more weight. Students reported that they had used the following weight control methods in the 7 days preceding the survey: exercise (51% of female students and 30% of male students); skipping meals (49% and 18%, respectively); taking diet pills (4% and 2%, respectively); and vomiting (3% and 1%, respectively). Among adults, 38% of women and 24% of men reported that they were trying to lose weight, whereas 28% of each sex reported that they were trying to maintain their weight.
Attempts to lose or maintain weight are very prevalent among both adolescents and adults, especially among females.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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