G. A. H.
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It is now fairly well established that sodium and potassium, the two principal basic ions present in the body fluids, have a preponderant influence upon the volume and distribution of body water, as well as upon the regulation of osmotic pressure. Approximately nine-tenths of the total osmotic pressure of the body fluids, under normal conditions, is contributed by the dissolved electrolytes. Proteins, urea and other organic substances usually play a distinctly subordinate rôle. As the contribution of the anions to the total osmotic pressure is about equal to that furnished by the bases, and varies with them, fluctuations in the
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H. GA. THE MOVEMENT AND DISTRIBUTION OF BODY WATER. Ann Intern Med. 1935;9:806–807. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-9-6-806
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1935;9(6):806-807.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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