JAIME BENREY, M.D.; DAVID Y. GRAHAM, M.D.; RAJ K. GOYAL, M.D.
To the editor: Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus accounts for approximately 4% of all cancer deaths in the United States. Most of these patients die within a year of diagnosis in the "terminal" phase of the illness, with stupor, inanition, and dehydration. These symptoms are usually believed to arise from debility and malnutrition associated with carcinoma. On occasion, they can be secondary to a reversible superimposed metabolic complication, such as hypercalcemia. The association of hypercalcemia with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus has been reported infrequently. We report here a retrospective study to emphasize that hypercalcemia may be more
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BENREY J, GRAHAM DY, GOYAL RK. Hypercalcemia and Carcinoma of the Esophagus. Ann Intern Med. 1974;80:415-416. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-80-3-415
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1974;80(3):415-416.
Endocrine and Metabolism, Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders, Nephrology.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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