ALI A. ABBASI, M.D., F.R.C.P.(C); ANANDA S. PRASAD, M.D., Ph.D., F.A.C.P.; JESUS ORTEGA, M.D.; EVANGELINE CONGCO, M.D.; DONALD OBERLEAS, Ph.D.
ABBASI AA, PRASAD AS, ORTEGA J, CONGCO E, OBERLEAS D. Gonadal Function Abnormalities in Sickle Cell Anemia: Studies in Adult Male Patients. Ann Intern Med. 1976;85:601-605. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-85-5-601
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1976;85(5):601-605.
Thirty-two adult patients with sickle cell anemia were evaluated endocrinologically. Secondary sex characteristics were abnormal in 29, and eunuchoidal skeletal proportions were present in all except one. The age at which different stages of pubic hair growth were attained in these patients was delayed in comparison to normals (P < 0.005). Hormonal assays were carried out in 14 patients. Basal serum testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and androstenedione values were lower (P < 0.02) in patients than controls. Serum LH and FSH levels before and after stimulation with gonadotropin-releasing hormone were consistent with primary testicular failure. Erythrocyte and hair zinc concentrations were significantly decreased, and there was positive correlation between erythrocyte zinc and serum testosterone (r = 0.61, P < 0.01) in sickle cell anemia. Our study shows that androgen deficiency in this disease is a result of primary rather than secondary hypogonadism. Further studies are required to establish the role of zinc in the pathogenesis of testicular failure in sickle cell anemia.
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Hematology/Oncology, Red Cell Disorders.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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