DAVID CHURCHILL, M.D., F.R.C.P.(C); DAVID BRYANT, Ph.D.; GEORGE FODOR, M.D., Ph.D.; MATTHEW HENRY GAULT, M.D., F.R.C.P.(C), F.A.C.P.
CHURCHILL D, BRYANT D, FODOR G, GAULT MH. Drinking Water Hardness and Urolithiasis. Ann Intern Med. 1978;88:513-514. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-88-4-513
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1978;88(4):513-514.
Urolithiasis was the discharge diagnosis for 7.1 per 1000 general hospital separations between 1948 and 1952 in the United States (1). In 1952, 9.5 per 10 000 population required hospitalization for urolithiasis. The incidence ranged from 19.3 per 10 000 in South Carolina to 4.3 per 10 000 in Missouri.
We have examined the relation of drinking water hardness to the incidence of urolithiasis in the United States.
Urolithiasis admissions per 1000 general hospital separations for 46 states from 1948 through 1952 and per 10 000 population for 45 states in 1952 was reported by Boyce and associates (1). Schroeder
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Nephrology, Nephrolithiasis, Urological Disorders.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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