This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.
Teaching and learning auscultation has long been a difficult and tedious process. Before recording techniques were available, our predecessors developed basic tenets by coupling careful bedside auscultation with anatomic, physiologic and postmortem pathologic correlates, and used the sounds of nature, music, or mechanical devices in an onomatopoeic framework to present or communicate the accumulated wisdom. Contemporary clinicians still use and learn from these time-honored methods, but they are likely to be influenced by external, intracardiac, or echo-phonocardiography with hemodynamic, angiographic, nuclear, and surgical correlates that confirm, expand, or consolidate these basic observations.
Delman and Stein present a step-by-step, encyclopedic text
Learn more about subscription options.
Register Now for a free account.
Dynamic Cardiac Auscultation and Phonocardiography.. Ann Intern Med. 1979;91:938. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-91-6-938_2
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 1979;91(6):938.
Copyright © 2017 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only