DAVID E. R. SUTHERLAND, M.D., Ph.D.; JOHN S. NAJARIAN, M.D.; BERYL Z. GREENBERG, M.S.; BEVERLY J. SENSKE; GRACE E. ANDERSON, B.S.; REYNOLD S. FRANCIS, M.S.; FREDERICK C. GOETZ, M.D.
A new modification of pancreas transplant technique, the vascularized segmental intraperitoneal graft without duct ligation, has provided reversal of insulin-dependent (type I) diabetes mellitus for as long as 2 years of comfortable life. Although the risks associated with immunosuppression remain high (two of the 12 patients have died of early postoperative infection), selected data are presented from six cases to show the following striking hormonal and metabolic results after transplantation and withdrawal of insulin: restoration of normal beta cell function as shown by 24-hour urine C-peptide excretion and acutely responsive serum insulin, restoration of normal suppressibility of plasma glucagon, elimination of ketosis and negative nitrogen balance, normal fasting plasma glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin, and normal or near-normal glucose tolerance. These results provide a standard for current explorations of new ways of treating insulin-dependent diabetes.
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SUTHERLAND DER, NAJARIAN JS, GREENBERG BZ, SENSKE BJ, ANDERSON GE, FRANCIS RS, et al. Hormonal and Metabolic Effects of a Pancreatic Endocrine Graft: Vascularized Segmental Transplantation in Insulin-Dependent Diabetic Patients. Ann Intern Med. 1981;95:537–541. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-95-5-537
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1981;95(5):537-541.
Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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