DAVID J. WEINREICH, M.D.; JAMES F. BURKE, M.D.; FERREL JO PAULETTO, M.D.
WEINREICH DJ, BURKE JF, PAULETTO FJ. Left Ventricular Mural Thrombi Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction: Long-Term Follow-up with Serial Echocardiography. Ann Intern Med. 1984;100:789-794. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-100-6-789
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1984;100(6):789-794.
To determine the clinical significance of left ventricular thrombi, we used two-dimensional echocardiography to study 261 patients with acute transmural myocardial infarction. Mural thrombi were found in 46 patients. This complication occurred in 34% (44 of 130) of anterior wall infarctions but in only 1.5% (2 of 131) of inferior wall infarctions. An apical wall motion abnormality was present in all patients with thrombus. Severe depression of left ventricular function was not a prerequisite for thrombus formation: the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 37 ± 1.5%. Forty-three patients with left ventricular thrombi were followed for a mean duration of 15 months with serial echocardiography. None of the 25 patients who received anticoagulation treatment had an embolic event. Embolization occurred in 7 of 18 patients who had not received anticoagulation treatment. All embolic events occurred within 4 months of infarction. Although anticoagulation treatment appeared to provide protection against embolic events, the prevalence of left ventricular thrombi on follow-up echocardiographic study was essentially the same whether or not this treatment was used.
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Cardiology, Cardiac Diagnosis and Imaging.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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