GEORGE A. BRAY, M.D.
The major diseases associated with obesity are hypertension, atherosclerosis, and diabetes, as well as certain types of cancer. Less well-known complications include hepatic steatosis, gallbladder disease, pulmonary function impairment, endocrine abnormalities, obstetric complications, trauma to the weight-bearing joints, gout, cutaneous disease, proteinuria, increased hemoglobin concentration, and possibly immunologic impairment. A U- or J-shaped curve illustrates the relation between body mass index and the degree of these various complications. This relationship can be used to provide guidelines for assessing treatment of obesity.
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BRAY GA. Complications of Obesity. Ann Intern Med. 1985;103:1052-1062. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-103-6-1052
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1985;103(6_Part_2):1052-1062.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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