Gregory H. Blake, MD; Troy D. Abell, PhD, MPH; Wayne G. Stanley, MD
Study Objective: To determine the relation between cigarette smoking and upper respiratory infection or viral syndrome.
Design: A prospective cohort study of soldiers during 13 weeks of basic combat training. Each soldier received a smoking questionnaire before the beginning and at the conclusion of basic combat training. The incidence of respiratory illness among the recruits was evaluated.
Setting: Fort Benning, Georgia.
Participants: 1230 soldiers met the criteria for inclusion and completed the study.
Measurements and Main Results: According to the definition of smoking status in the initial questionnaire, smokers had a relative risk for upper respiratory infection of 1.46 (95% CI, 1.1 to 1.8). This effect was not substantially altered by different definitions of smoking status.
Conclusions: Young military recruits who smoked during basic combat training had more upper respiratory infections than nonsmokers. Cigarette smoking can substantially increase the risk for upper respiratory infection in young men.
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Blake GH, Abell TD, Stanley WG. Cigarette Smoking and Upper Respiratory Infection among Recruits in Basic Combat Training. Ann Intern Med. 1988;109:198–202. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-109-3-198
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1988;109(3):198-202.
Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Infectious Disease, Smoking, Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Abuse.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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