Ephraim Kahn, MD, MPH; Gideon Letz, MD, MPH
Kahn E, Letz G. Clinical Ecology: Environmental Medicine or Unsubstantiated Theory?. Ann Intern Med. 1989;111:104-106. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-111-2-104
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1989;111(2):104-106.
A concept known by several terms, including "environmental illness," "multiple chemical sensitivities," "environmental hypersensitivity disorder," "20th century disease," and "total allergy syndrome," has recently attracted public attention and generated considerable controversy. The concept was developed by physicians known as clinical ecologists who now call themselves practitioners of "environmental medicine." These physicians believe that certain persons are adversely affected by synthetic chemicals in the environment at doses far lower than can be explained by accepted pathophysiologic mechanisms. They believe that such low-level exposures can damage the immune system and make these persons hypersensitive to all or most synthetic chemicals. The symptoms
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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