Jon V. Martell, MD; Rae S. Seitz, BA; Janice K. Harada, BS; Joel Kobayashi, BS; Vern K. Sasaki, MPH; Clifford Wong, BS
▪ Objective: To determine the rate and estimate the cost of hospitalization in a defined urban homeless population.
▪ Design: Retrospective chart review.
▪ Setting: Kalihi-Palama Health Clinic Health Care for the Homeless Project, Hawaii State Hospital, and seven acute care hospitals in Honolulu, Hawaii.
▪ Patients: A total of 1751 homeless clients contacted between 1 December 1988 and 30 November 1990.
▪ Measurements and Main Results: A total of 1751 individuals were studied for an aggregate of 871.3 person-years. Five hundred sixty-four hospitalizations were identified: ninety-two to the state psychiatric hospital and 472 to acute care hospitals. The age- and sex-adjusted hospitalization rate for acute care hospitals was 542/1000 person-years (compared with the state rate of 96/1000 person-years). Homeless persons were admitted to acute care hospitals for 4766 days compared with a predicted 640 days. The age- and sex-adjusted rate of admission to the state psychiatric hospital was 105/1000 person-years (compared with the state rate of 0.8/1000 person-years). Homeless persons were admitted to the state psychiatric hospital for 3837 days compared with a predicted 139 days.
▪ Conclusions: Homeless individuals in this study were hospitalized in acute care and psychiatric hospitals far more frequently than were members of the general population.
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Martell JV, Seitz RS, Harada JK, Kobayashi J, Sasaki VK, Wong C. Hospitalization in an Urban Homeless Population: The Honolulu Urban Homeless Project. Ann Intern Med. 1992;116:299-303. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-116-4-299
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1992;116(4):299-303.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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