Neil S. Wenger, MD, MPH; Jerome M. Greenberg, MD; Lee H. Hilborne, MD, MPH; Francoise Kusseling, MA; Maureen Mangotich, MD; Martin F. Shapiro, MD, PhD
▪ Objective: To evaluate the effects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing and education about HIV infection on communication about sexual risk behaviors for HIV transmission.
▪ Design: Randomized, controlled trial with three arms.
▪ Setting: University student health center.
▪ Patients: Of 2196 heterosexual university students attending the student health clinic for medical care, 435 were interested in education about HIV and HIV testing and were randomly assigned to three groups. Follow-up at 6 months was done in 370 subjects (85%): 90 control subjects, 144 subjects who received education alone, and 136 subjects who received education plus HIV testing.
▪ Measurements and Results: Subjects who received HIV testing plus education questioned sexual partners about their HIV status more than subjects receiving education alone or those in the control group (56%, 42%, and 41% of subjects, respectively; P = 0.01). No consistent differences among groups in the number of sexual partners or in the use of condoms were found at follow-up.
▪ Conclusions: Heterosexual university students who received education about HIV infection plus HIV testing had increased communication with sexual partners about the risk for HIV infection after 6 months. Further reduction in risk behaviors for HIV transmission may require additional interventions in this population.
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Wenger NS, Greenberg JM, Hilborne LH, Kusseling F, Mangotich M, Shapiro MF. Effect of HIV Antibody Testing and AIDS Education on Communication about HIV Risk and Sexual Behavior: A Randomized, Controlled Trial in College Students. Ann Intern Med. 1992;117:905–911. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-117-11-905
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1992;117(11):905-911.
HIV, Infectious Disease.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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