Patricia J.M. Best, MD; Peter B. Berger, MD; Virginia M. Miller, PhD; Amir Lerman, MD
Best PJ, Berger PB, Miller VM, Lerman A. The Effect of Estrogen Replacement Therapy on Plasma Nitric Oxide and Endothelin-1 Levels in Postmenopausal Women. Ann Intern Med. 1998;128:285-288. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-128-4-199802150-00006
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1998;128(4):285-288.
Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) in postmenopausal women decreases cardiac mortality and improves endothelial function. The endothelium regulates vascular tone and growth by releasing such factors as nitric oxide and endothelin-1.
To determine whether ERT alters the balance between the total oxidized products of nitric oxide and endothelin-1.
Single-arm, before–after clinical trial.
Outpatient clinical research center of an academic medical center.
15 postmenopausal women.
Treatment with 17β-estradiol for 6 months and a 10-day course of methoxyprogesterone every 3 months.
Plasma nitric oxide and endothelin-1 levels were measured at baseline and after 6 months of ERT.
The mean baseline nitric oxide level was 27.5 nmol/mL (range, 20.3 to 34.8 nmol/mL) and increased by a mean of 7.2 nmol/mL (range, 0.2 to 14.1 nmol/mL) (P = 0.04). The mean baseline plasma endothelin-1 level was 16.4 pg/mL (range, 12.0 to 20.8 pg/mL) and decreased by a mean of 3.9 pg/mL (range, 0.4 to 7.8 pg/mL) (P = 0.04). The mean baseline ratio of nitric oxide to endothelin-1 was 2.0 (range, 1.3 to 2.8) and increased by 1.2 (range, 0.1 to 2.2) (P = 0.03).
ERT results in an increased ratio of nitric oxide to endothelin-1. This may be one mechanism by which ERT provides cardiovascular benefit.
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Cardiology, Dyslipidemia, Coronary Risk Factors.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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