Karen Rosene-Montella, MD; Erin Keely, MD; Steven A. Laifer, MD; Richard V. Lee, MD
Rosene-Montella K, Keely E, Laifer SA, Lee RV. Evaluation and Management of Infertility in Women: The Internists' Role. Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:973-981. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-132-12-200006200-00008
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2000;132(12):973-981.
Interventions for infertility have greatly increased in number and sophistication. Women with multiple medical problems and women near or beyond menopause are now able to conceive. The internist will be called on to assess the risk that infertility interventions pose and to counsel patients accordingly. Knowledge of the medical illnesses associated with infertility, the types of infertility treatments available, and the medical complications of these interventions are required to properly assess this risk. Medical complications of infertility interventions can be direct effects of related drugs and technologies and indirect consequences of the induced pregnancy, multiple gestation, or associated medical conditions. This article reviews the definitions and scope of infertility, the interventions used for treatment of infertility, the medical complications of these interventions, the potential risks of fertility treatment in women unable to conceive spontaneously, and important issues for preconception counseling.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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