James M. Brophy, MD, PhD; Lawrence Joseph, PhD; Jean L. Rouleau, MD
Grant Support: Drs. Brophy and Joseph receive funding from Les Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec.
Requests for Single Reprints: James Brophy, MD, PhD, Service de Cardiologie, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Pavillon Notre-Dame, 1560 rue Sherbrooke Est, Montreal, Quebec H2L 4M1, Canada; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Brophy: Service de Cardiologie, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Pavillon Notre-Dame, 1560 rue Sherbrooke Est, Montreal, Quebec H2L 4M1, Canada.
Dr. Joseph: Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada.
Dr. Rouleau: Department of Medicine, University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital, 200 Elizabeth Street, Eaton North 13-212, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C4, Canada.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: J.M. Brophy, L. Joseph.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: J.M. Brophy, L. Joseph, J.L. Rouleau.
Drafting of the article: J.M. Brophy, L. Joseph, J.L. Rouleau.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: J.M. Brophy, L. Joseph, J.L. Rouleau.
Final approval of the article: J.M. Brophy, L. Joseph, J.L. Rouleau.
Provision of study materials or patients: Statistical expertise: J.M. Brophy, L. Joseph.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: J.M. Brophy, J.L. Rouleau.
Collection and assembly of data: J.M. Brophy.
Brophy J., Joseph L., Rouleau J.; β-Blockers in Congestive Heart Failure: A Bayesian Meta-Analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2001;134:550-560. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-134-7-200104030-00008
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 2001;134(7):550-560.
Congestive heart failure has reached pan-epidemic proportions in industrialized countries and is responsible for vast patient morbidity and mortality (1-4). Mortality associated with moderate to severe congestive heart failure may exceed that associated with many neoplasms, and the 1-year survival rate is as dismal as 50% (5). Quality of life is also adversely affected, and congestive heart failure is the most common cause of hospital admission in elderly persons in North America (6). Clearly, additional therapies are urgently needed.
to gain full access to the content and tools.
Learn more about subscription options.
Register Now for a free account.
Cardiology, Heart Failure.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2016 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only