Hiroaki Kawano, MD, PhD; Takeshi Motoyama, MD, PhD; Masamichi Ohgushi, MD, PhD; Kiyotaka Kugiyama, MD, PhD; Hisao Ogawa, MD, PhD; Hirofumi Yasue, MD, PhD
An abundance of ovarian hormones is assumed to be a major contributor to the low incidence of ischemic heart disease in premenopausal women. However, the effects of ovarian hormones remain undetermined.
To examine whether the variation in ovarian hormone levels throughout a menstrual cycle affects myocardial ischemia in women with variant angina.
Prospective, observational study.
University medical center in Japan.
10 premenopausal women with variant angina.
Frequency of spontaneous ischemic episodes, flow-mediated dilation of brachial artery, and serum levels of estradiol and progesterone.
Frequency of ischemic episodes was highest from the end of the luteal phase to the beginning of the menstrual phase and was lowest in the follicular phase. Flow-mediated vasodilation and estradiol levels were lowest from the end of the luteal phase to the beginning of the menstrual phase and were highest in the follicular phase.
In premenopausal women with variant angina, we documented a cyclic variation in endothelial function and the frequency of myocardial ischemia that was associated with the variation in estrogen levels.
Learn more about subscription options.
Register Now for a free account.
Kawano H, Motoyama T, Ohgushi M, Kugiyama K, Ogawa H, Yasue H. Menstrual Cyclic Variation of Myocardial Ischemia in Premenopausal Women with Variant Angina. Ann Intern Med. 2001;135:977-981. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-135-11-200112040-00009
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 2001;135(11):977-981.
Cardiology, Coronary Heart Disease.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2017 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only