Charles S. Bryan, MD; M. Shawn Stinson, MD
Bryan CS, Stinson MS. The Choice: Lewellys F. Barker and the Full-Time Plan. Ann Intern Med. 2002;137:521-525. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-137-6-200209170-00013
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2002;137(6):521-525.
In 1914, Lewellys F. Barker, William Osler's successor as Professor of Medicine and physician-in-chief at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, resigned to enter private practice rather than accept the terms of a full-time plan, whereby professors in clinical departments would be salaried like other professors in the university. Barker had been an early proponent of the full-time plan. His decision reflected not only a personal desire for a larger income but also contradictions inherent in the Flexnerian ideal of clinical medicine as a research-oriented university discipline devoid of financial incentives to see patients. In private practice, Barker maintained a high profile as a teacher, writer, supporter of the Johns Hopkins medical institutions, and public figure. The issues raised by his difficult decision remain relevant and have not been satisfactorily resolved.
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