John S. Gottdiener, MD; Robyn L. McClelland, PhD; Robert Marshall, MD; Lynn Shemanski, PhD; Curt D. Furberg, MD; Dalane W. Kitzman, MD; Mary Cushman, MD; Joseph Polak, MD, MPH; Julius M. Gardin, MD; Bernard J. Gersh, MB, ChB, DPhil; Gerard P. Aurigemma, MD; Teri A. Manolio, MD, MHS
Grant Support: By the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (contracts NO1-HC-85079-85086 and NO1-HC-15103).
Requests for Single Reprints: John S. Gottdiener, MD, Cardiology Division, St. Francis Hospital, 100 Port Washington Boulevard, Roslyn, NY 11576-1353; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Gottdiener: Cardiology Division, St. Francis Hospital, 100 Port Washington Boulevard, Roslyn, NY 11576-1353.
Dr. McClelland: Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Harwick 706, Rochester, MN 55905.
Dr. Marshall: Division of Cardiology, Georgetown University Hospital, 3800 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007.
Dr. Shemanski: University of Washington, 201 Elliott Avenue West, Suite 400, Seattle, WA 98119.
Drs. Furberg and Kitzman: Department of Public Health, Wake Forest University, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157.
Dr. Cushman: University of Vermont, 208 South Park Drive, Suite 2, Colchester, VT 05446.
Dr. Polak: Department of Radiology, Brigham & Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115.
Dr. Gardin: Division of Cardiology, St. John Hospital and Medical Center, 22191 Moross Road, PB 1, Suite 105, Detroit, MI 48226.
Dr. Gersh: Mayo Clinic, Division of Cardiology, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905.
Dr. Aurigemma: Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655.
Dr. Manolio: Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 6701 Rockledge Drive, MSC 7934, Bethesda, MD 20892-7934.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: J.S. Gottdiener, R. Marshall, D.W. Kitzman, J.M. Gardin, B.J. Gersh, T.A. Manolio.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: J.S. Gottdiener, R.L. McClelland, R. Marshall, L. Shemanski, C.D. Furberg, D.W. Kitzman, M. Cushman, J.M. Gardin, B.J. Gersh.
Drafting of the article: J.S. Gottdiener, R. Marshall, D.W. Kitzman, J. Polak, J.M. Gardin, B.J. Gersh, G.P. Aurigemma.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: J.S. Gottdiener, R. Marshall, C.D. Furberg, D.W. Kitzman, M. Cushman, J.M. Gardin, B.J. Gersh, G.P. Aurigemma, T.A. Manolio.
Final approval of the article: J.S. Gottdiener, C.D. Furberg, D.W. Kitzman, M. Cushman, J. Polak, B.J. Gersh, G.P. Aurigemma, T.A. Manolio.
Provision of study materials or patients: D.W. Kitzman.
Statistical expertise: R.L. McClelland, L. Shemanski.
Obtaining of funding: J.M. Gardin.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: C.D. Furberg, M. Cushman.
Collection and assembly of data: J.S. Gottdiener, L. Shemanski, M. Cushman, J. Polak, J.M. Gardin.
Gottdiener JS, McClelland RL, Marshall R, Shemanski L, Furberg CD, Kitzman DW, et al. Outcome of Congestive Heart Failure in Elderly Persons: Influence of Left Ventricular Systolic Function: The Cardiovascular Health Study. Ann Intern Med. 2002;137:631-639. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-137-8-200210150-00006
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2002;137(8):631-639.
Congestive heart failure is the most frequent cause of hospitalization in persons 65 years of age or older, accounting for more than 875 000 admissions each year in the United States (1). Moreover, aging of the population, increased susceptibility of elderly hypertensive persons to congestive heart failure (2), decreasing incidence of and death from stroke, and improved survival after acute myocardial infarction have increased the number of patients at risk for congestive heart failure (1, 3, 4).
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Cardiology, Heart Failure.
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