Randy S. Hebert, MD, MPH; Cheri G. Smith, MLS; Scott M. Wright, MD
High rates of authorship misrepresentation have been documented among medical trainees.
To assess misrepresentation among internal medicine residency applicants while comparing searches used by previous authors (searches 1 and 2) to a more comprehensive strategy (search 3).
Review of 497 residency applications.
Two university-based internal medicine residency programs.
Search 1 was limited to MEDLINE. Search 2 added Current Contents, Science Citation Index, and BIOSIS and included searching journals by hand. Search 3 added seven other databases and contacts to librarians, editors, and coauthors.
224 applicants reported 634 articles; 630 (99%) were verified. The number of applicants with misrepresented citations varied depending on the search used (56 applicants [25%] in search 1 vs. 34 applicants [15%] in search 2 vs. 4 applicants [1.8%] in search 3).
Using a comprehensive search, we found substantially less misrepresentation than had been reported. Previous studies probably overestimated the magnitude of the problem.
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Hebert RS, Smith CG, Wright SM. Minimal Prevalence of Authorship Misrepresentation among Internal Medicine Residency Applicants: Do Previous Estimates of “Misrepresentation” Represent Insufficient Case Finding?. Ann Intern Med. 2003;138:390-392. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-138-5-200303040-00008
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2003;138(5):390-392.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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