Randy S. Hebert, MD, MPH; Cheri G. Smith, MLS; Scott M. Wright, MD
Grant Support: Dr. Wright is an Arnold P. Gold Foundation Assistant Professor of Medicine.
Requests for Single Reprints: Randy S. Hebert, MD, MPH, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 933W, MUH, 200 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213; e-mail, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Hebert: Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 933W, MUH, 200 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.
Ms. Smith: Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Harrison Medical Library, 4940 Eastern Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21224.
Dr. Wright: Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, A6W, 4940 Eastern Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21224.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: R.S. Hebert and S.M. Wright.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: R.S. Hebert and S.M. Wright.
Drafting of the article: R.S. Hebert, C.G. Smith, and S.M. Wright.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: R.S. Hebert, C.G. Smith, and S.M. Wright.
Final approval of the article: R.S. Hebert, C.G. Smith, and S.M. Wright.
Provision of study materials or patients: R.S. Hebert.
Statistical expertise: R.S. Hebert.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: R.S. Hebert, C.G. Smith, and S.M. Wright.
Collection and assembly of data: R.S. Hebert, C.G. Smith, and S.M. Wright.
High rates of authorship misrepresentation have been documented among medical trainees.
To assess misrepresentation among internal medicine residency applicants while comparing searches used by previous authors (searches 1 and 2) to a more comprehensive strategy (search 3).
Review of 497 residency applications.
Two university-based internal medicine residency programs.
Search 1 was limited to MEDLINE. Search 2 added Current Contents, Science Citation Index, and BIOSIS and included searching journals by hand. Search 3 added seven other databases and contacts to librarians, editors, and coauthors.
224 applicants reported 634 articles; 630 (99%) were verified. The number of applicants with misrepresented citations varied depending on the search used (56 applicants [25%] in search 1 vs. 34 applicants [15%] in search 2 vs. 4 applicants [1.8%] in search 3).
Using a comprehensive search, we found substantially less misrepresentation than had been reported. Previous studies probably overestimated the magnitude of the problem.
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Hebert RS, Smith CG, Wright SM. Minimal Prevalence of Authorship Misrepresentation among Internal Medicine Residency Applicants: Do Previous Estimates of Misrepresentation Represent Insufficient Case Finding?. Ann Intern Med. 2003;138:390–392. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-138-5-200303040-00008
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2003;138(5):390-392.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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