Glenn N. Levine, MD; Morton J. Kern, MD; Peter B. Berger, MD; David L. Brown, MD; Lloyd W. Klein, MD; Dean J. Kereiakes, MD; Timothy A. Sanborn, MD; Alice K. Jacobs, MD; American Heart Association Diagnostic and Interventional Catheterization Committee and Council on Clinical Cardiology
Levine GN, Kern MJ, Berger PB, Brown DL, Klein LW, Kereiakes DJ, et al. Management of Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization. Ann Intern Med. 2003;139:123-136. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-139-2-200307150-00012
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2003;139(2):123-136.
While performance of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains the domain of specialized cardiologists, patients undergoing PCI are cared for by noninvasive cardiologists, internists, and primary care physicians. Therefore, patient care is optimized when the entire patient care team understands procedural risks and complications as well as optimum patient management before, during, and after PCI.
Before PCI, patients with contrast dye allergies should be identified and pretreated with steroids and an H1-blocker. Hydration should be initiated and maintained before and after the procedure to minimize the risks for contrast nephropathy. Periprocedure, patients should be monitored clinically for evidence of ischemia. In patients with significant groin, flank, abdominal, or back pain, as well as those with decrease in hematocrit or unexplained hypotension, the diagnosis of groin or retroperitoneal hematoma should be considered and promptly evaluated. Groin tenderness, pulsatile mass, or bruit should prompt evaluation for possible femoral pseudoaneurysm or arteriovenous fistulae. After the procedure, all patients treated with coronary stents should receive aspirin plus clopidogrel. Patients who develop typical anginal symptoms between the 1st and 6th to 8th months after PCI are likely to have restenosis and can be evaluated by an imaging study or repeated catheterization.
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Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Nephrology, Coronary Heart Disease, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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