Andrea A. Howard, MD, MS; Julia H. Arnsten, MD, MPH; Marc N. Gourevitch, MD, MPH
Acknowledgments: The authors thank Racheline G. Habousha, MSLS, AHIP, for assistance with the MEDLINE database searches, Alex D. Federman, MD, MPH, for assistance in refining the study questions, and Barbara J. Turner, MD, MSEd; A. Thomas McLellan, PhD; and Harry Shamoon, MD, for helpful comments on the manuscript.
Grant Support: By the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest: None disclosed.
Requests for Single Reprints: Andrea A. Howard, MD, MS, AIDS Research Program, Montefiore Medical Center, 111 East 210th Street, Bronx, NY 10467; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Drs. Howard and Arnsten: AIDS Research Program, Montefiore Medical Center, 111 East 210th Street, Bronx, NY 10467.
Dr. Gourevitch: Division of Substance Abuse, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1500 Waters Place, Parker Building, 6th Floor, Ward 20, Bronx, NY 10461.
Howard A., Arnsten J., Gourevitch M.; Effect of Alcohol Consumption on Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review. Ann Intern Med. 2004;140:211-219. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-140-6-200403160-00011
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2004;140(3):211-219.
Best evidence suggests that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced incidence of diabetes mellitus.
Some evidence suggests that heavy alcohol use may be associated with an increased incidence of diabetes mellitus.
There is no evidence of an acute effect of moderate alcohol ingestion on glycemic control.
The effect of alcohol use on diabetes self-care behaviors has not been well studied.
Limited evidence suggests that ingestion of alcohol while using a sulfonylurea or thiazolidinedione does not result in an adverse event.
Strong evidence shows that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased incidence of coronary heart disease in persons with diabetes.
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Cardiology, Endocrine and Metabolism, Diabetes, Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Abuse, Coronary Risk Factors.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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