Stein Emil Vollset, MD, DrPH; Aage Tverdal, PhD; Håkon K. Gjessing, PhD
Acknowledgments: The authors acknowledge the staff of the National Mass Radiography Service, who initiated the Norwegian Counties Studies in 1974 and continued data collection on cardiovascular risk factors in all Norwegian counties over the following decades. The authors also thank Hilde-Gunn Bruu for programming assistance.
Grant Support: None.
Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest: None disclosed.
Requests for Single Reprints: Stein Emil Vollset, MD, DrPH, Section for Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, N-5018 Bergen, Norway.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Vollset: Section for Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, N-5018 Bergen, Norway.
Drs. Tverdal and Gjessing: Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 4404, Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo, Norway.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: S.E. Vollset, A. Tverdal.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: S.E. Vollset, A. Tverdal, H.K. Gjessing.
Drafting of the article: S.E. Vollset.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: S.E. Vollset, A. Tverdal, H.K. Gjessing.
Final approval of the article: S.E. Vollset, A. Tverdal, H.K. Gjessing.
Provision of study materials or patients: A. Tverdal.
Statistical expertise: S.E. Vollset, A. Tverdal, H.K. Gjessing.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: S.E. Vollset.
Collection and assembly of data: A. Tverdal.
Vollset SE, Tverdal A, Gjessing HK. Smoking and Deaths between 40 and 70 Years of Age in Women and Men. Ann Intern Med. 2006;144:381-389. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-144-6-200603210-00004
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(6):381-389.
An early report on smoking and longevity appeared more than 60 years ago (1), and it suggested a clear survival advantage of nonsmokers over heavy smokers in midlife. More than a half century later, another report presented precise survival curves for men by smoking habits (2). In the time between these reports, the historic dimension of the health consequences of smoking was increasingly realized (3-9).
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Cardiology, Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Abuse, Coronary Risk Factors, Smoking.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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