Douglas B. White, MD, MAS; J. Randall Curtis, MD, MPH; Leslie E. Wolf, JD, MPH; Thomas J. Prendergast, MD; Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD; Gary Kuniyoshi, MD; Frank Acerra, DO; Bernard Lo, MD; John M. Luce, MD
Acknowledgments: The authors thank Sandra Kaplan, BSN, and Barbara Finkel, MSN, for assistance with data collection.
Grant Support: By National Institutes of Health grants KL2 RR024130 from the National Center for Research Resources, a component of the National Institutes of Health Roadmap for Medical Research (Dr. White); K24 HL 68593 (Dr. Curtis); and MH 42459 (Ms. Lo). Ms. Lo and Dr. Wolf were also supported by the Greenwall Foundation.
Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest: None disclosed.
Requests for Single Reprints: Douglas B. White, MD, MAS, University of California, San Francisco, Program in Medical Ethics, 521 Parnassus Avenue, Suite C-126, Box 0903, San Francisco, CA 94143-0903; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Drs. White and Lo and Ms. Wolf: University of California, San Francisco, Program in Medical Ethics, 521 Parnassus Avenue, Suite C-126, Box 0903, San Francisco, CA 94143-0903.
Dr. Curtis: University of Washington Harborview Medical Center, Box 359762, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104.
Dr. Prendergast: Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center, 5-C One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756.
Dr. Taichman: Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center–Presbyterian, Suite 441, 39th Street and Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104.
Dr. Kuniyoshi: Oregon Health Sciences University, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3710 Southwest US Veterans Hospital Road, Portland, OR 97207.
Dr. Acerra: Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center, First Avenue at 16th Street, New York, NY 10003.
Dr. Luce: Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Room 5 K1, San Francisco, CA 94110.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: D.B. White, J.R. Curtis, T.J. Prendergast, D.B. Taichman, B. Lo, J.M. Luce.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: D.B. White, J.R. Curtis, L.E. Wolf, T.J. Prendergast, J.M. Luce.
Drafting of the article: D.B. White, T.J. Prendergast, B. Lo, J.M. Luce.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: D.B. White, J.R. Curtis, L.E. Wolf, T.J. Prendergast, D.B. Taichman, B. Lo.
Final approval of the article: D.B. White, J.R. Curtis, L.E. Wolf, B. Lo, J.M. Luce.
Provision of study materials or patients: J.R. Curtis, T.J. Prendergast, D.B. Taichman, G. Kuniyoshi, F. Acerra, J.M. Luce.
Statistical expertise: D.B. White, J.R. Curtis.
Obtaining of funding: D.B. White, J.R. Curtis.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: D.B. White, B. Lo, J.M. Luce.
Collection and assembly of data: D.B. White, J.R. Curtis, L.E. Wolf, T.J. Prendergast.
White DB, Curtis JR, Wolf LE, Prendergast TJ, Taichman DB, Kuniyoshi G, et al. Life Support for Patients without a Surrogate Decision Maker: Who Decides?. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147:34-40. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-147-1-200707030-00006
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2007;147(1):34-40.
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Hospital Medicine, Pulmonary/Critical Care, End-of-Life Care.
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