Ari Robicsek, MD; Jennifer L. Beaumont, MS; Suzanne M. Paule, BS; Donna M. Hacek, BS; Richard B. Thomson, PhD; Karen L. Kaul, MD, PhD; Peggy King, RN, MBA; Lance R. Peterson, MD
Robicsek A, Beaumont JL, Paule SM, Hacek DM, Thomson RB, Kaul KL, et al. Universal Surveillance for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in 3 Affiliated Hospitals. Ann Intern Med. 2008;148:409-418. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-148-6-200803180-00003
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2008;148(6):409-418.
The effect of large-scale expanded surveillance for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on health careâ€“associated MRSA disease is not known.
To examine the effect of 2 expanded surveillance interventions on MRSA disease.
Observational study comparing rates of MRSA clinical disease during and after hospital admission in 3 consecutive periods: baseline (12 months), MRSA surveillance for all admissions to the intensive care unit (ICU) (12 months), and universal MRSA surveillance for all hospital admissions (21 months).
A 3-hospital, 850-bed organization with approximately 40Â 000 annual admissions.
Polymerase chain reactionâ€“based nasal surveillance for MRSA followed by topical decolonization therapy and contact isolation of patients who tested positive for MRSA.
Poisson and segmented regression models were used to compare prevalence density of hospital-associated clinical MRSA disease (bloodstream, respiratory, urinary tract, and surgical site) in each period. Rates of bloodstream disease with methicillin-susceptible S. aureus were used as a control.
The prevalence density of aggregate hospital-associated MRSA disease (all body sites) per 10Â 000 patient-days at baseline, during ICU surveillance, and during universal surveillance was 8.9 (95% CI, 7.6 to 10.4), 7.4 (CI, 6.1 to 9.0; PÂ = 0.15 compared with baseline), and 3.9 (CI, 3.2 to 4.7; P < 0.001 compared with baseline and ICU surveillance), respectively. During universal surveillance, the prevalence density of MRSA infection at each body site had a statistically significant decrease compared with baseline. The methicillin-susceptible S. aureus bacteremia rate did not statistically significantly change during the 3 periods. In a segmented regression model, the aggregate hospital-associated MRSA disease prevalence density changed by âˆ’36.2% (CI, âˆ’65.4% to 9.8%; PÂ = 0.17) from baseline to ICU surveillance and by âˆ’69.6% (CI, âˆ’89.2% to âˆ’19.6%]; PÂ = 0.03) from baseline to universal surveillance. During universal surveillance, the MRSA disease rate decreased during hospitalization and in the 30 days after discharge; no further reduction occurred thereafter. Surveillance with clinical cultures would have identified 17.8% of actual MRSA patient-days, and ICU-based surveillance with polymerase chain reaction would have identified 33.3%.
The findings rely on observational data.
The introduction of universal admission surveillance for MRSA was associated with a large reduction in MRSA disease during admission and 30 days after discharge.
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Hospital Medicine, Infectious Disease, MRSA.
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