Jennifer F. Wilson
Wilson J.; Alcohol Use. Ann Intern Med. 2009;150:ITC3-1. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-150-5-200903030-01003
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2009;150(5):ITC3-1.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) estimates that the prevalence of alcohol dependence in the United States is 5%,but up to 3 of every 10 adults drink alcohol at levelsassociated with adverse health and social consequences (1).Physicians play animportant role in recognizing alcohol misuse, managing its medical complications,and helping patients change their behavior.Unfortunately,cliniciansprovide recommended alcohol-related screening and intervention for eligible patients only about 10% of the time (2).
Excessive drinking is associated with acute medical complications, chronic diseases, reproductive problems, nutritional deficiencies, psychological problems, and injuries (3). It is important to note that alcohol-related morbidity and mortality occur at drinking levels below those typically associated with alcohol abuse or dependence (4, 5).
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Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Abuse.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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