Cynthia J. Brown, MD, MSPH; David L. Roth, PhD; Richard M. Allman, MD; Patricia Sawyer, PhD; Christine S. Ritchie, MD, MSPH; Jeffrey M. Roseman, MD, PhD, MPH
Acknowledgment: The authors thank Teresa D. Tennyson for her role in data collection and project coordination, Eric V. Bodner for his assistance with data management, and all the participants who took part in the UAB Study of Aging.
Grant Support: By a Veterans Affairs Research Career Development Award (E4-3842VA) (Dr. Brown) and a John A. Hartford Foundation-funded Southeast Center of Excellence in Geriatric Medicine Special Fellows grant (Dr. Brown). The UAB Study of Aging is funded through a grant from the National Institute on Aging (R01 AG015062).
Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest:Grants received: R.M. Allman (National Institute on Aging). Grants pending: R.M. Allman (National Institute on Aging).
Reproducible Research Statement:Study protocol: Not available. Statistical code: Available from Dr. Roth (firstname.lastname@example.org). Data set: The limited data set from the first 3 years of the UAB Study of Aging is available from Dr. Sawyer (Patricia Sawyer, MD, UAB Center for Aging, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294-204).
Requests for Single Reprints: Cynthia J. Brown, MD, MSPH, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 11G, 700 South 19th Street, Birmingham, AL 35233; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Brown: Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 11G, 700 South 19th Street, Birmingham, AL 35233.
Dr. Roth: Ryals Public Health Building, 343B, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294-0022.
Drs. Allman, Sawyer, and Ritchie: CH-19, Room 201, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294-0041.
Dr. Roseman: Ryals Public Health Building, 210G, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294-0022.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: C.J. Brown, R.M. Allman, P. Sawyer.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: C.J. Brown, D.L. Roth, R.M. Allman, P. Sawyer, C.S. Ritchie, J.M. Roseman.
Drafting of the article: C.J. Brown, D.L. Roth.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: C.J. Brown, D.L. Roth, R.M. Allman, P. Sawyer, C.S. Ritchie.
Final approval of the article: C.J. Brown, R.M. Allman, P. Sawyer, C.S. Ritchie.
Provision of study materials or patients: R.M. Allman.
Statistical expertise: D.L. Roth.
Obtaining of funding: R.M. Allman.
Collection and assembly of data: J.M. Roseman.
Brown CJ, Roth DL, Allman RM, Sawyer P, Ritchie CS, Roseman JM. Trajectories of Life-Space Mobility After Hospitalization. Ann Intern Med. 2009;150:372-378. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-150-6-200903170-00005
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 2009;150(6):372-378.
Life space is a measure of where a person goes, the frequency of going there, and the dependency in getting there. It may be a more accurate measure of mobility in older adults because it reflects participation in society as well as physical ability.
To assess effects of hospitalization on life space in older adults, and to compare life-space trajectories associated with surgical and nonsurgical hospitalizations.
Prospective observational study.
687 community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries at least 65 years of age with surgical (n = 44), nonsurgical (n = 167), or no (n = 476) hospitalizations.
Life-Space Assessment (LSA) scores before and after hospitalization (range, 0 to 120; higher scores reflect greater mobility).
Mean age of participants was 74.6 years (SD, 6.3). Fifty percent were black, and 46% were male. Before hospitalization, adjusted LSA scores were similar in participants with surgical and nonsurgical admissions. Life-space assessment scores decreased in both groups immediately after hospitalization; however, participants with surgical hospitalizations had a greater decrease in scores (12.1 more points [95% CI, 3.6 to 20.7 points]; PÂ = 0.005) than those with nonsurgical hospitalizations. However, participants with surgical hospitalizations recovered more rapidly over time (gain of 4.7 more points [CI, 2.0 to 7.4 points] per ln [week after discharge]; P Â < 0.001). Score recovery for participants with nonsurgical hospitalizations did not significantly differ from the null (average recovery, 0.7 points [CI, âˆ’0.6 to 1.9 points] per ln [week after discharge]).
Life space immediately before and after hospitalization was self-reported, often after hospital discharge.
Hospitalization decreases life space in older adults. Surgical hospitalizations are associated with immediate marked life-space declines followed by rapid recovery, in contrast to nonsurgical hospitalizations, which are associated with more modest immediate declines and little evidence of recovery after several years of follow-up.
National Institute on Aging.
Learn more about subscription options.
Register Now for a free account.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2016 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only