Mark Linzer, MD; Linda Baier Manwell, MS; Eric S. Williams, PhD; James A. Bobula, PhD; Roger L. Brown, PhD; Anita B. Varkey, MD; Bernice Man, MD; Julia E. McMurray, MD; Ann Maguire, MD, MPH; Barbara Horner-Ibler, MD, MASW; Mark D. Schwartz, MD; MEMO (Minimizing Error, Maximizing Outcome) Investigators
Presented in part at the 31st Annual Meeting of the Society of General Internal Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 11 April 2008.
Grant Support: By the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (grant 5 R01 HS011955).
Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest:Employment: Dr. Man was formerly employed at one of the study sites. Grants received: M. Linzer (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality). Ms. Manwell's salary was partially funded by the grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Reproducible Research Statement:Study protocol and data set: Not available. Statistical code: Available from Dr. Brown (email@example.com).
Requests for Single Reprints: Mark Linzer, MD, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, General Internal Medicine, 310 North Midvale Boulevard, Suite 205, Madison, WI 53705; e-mail, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Linzer and Ms. Manwell: University of Wisconsin Section of General Internal Medicine Scholars, 310 North Midvale Boulevard, Suite 205, Madison, WI 53705.
Dr. Williams: Department of Management and Marketing, Culverhouse College of Commerce and Business Administration, University of Alabama, 164 Alston Hall, Box 870225, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0225.
Dr. Bobula: University of Wisconsin, Department of Family Medicine, 777 South Mills Street, Madison, WI 53715.
Dr. Brown: University of Wisconsin–Madison School of Nursing, H6/273 Clinical Sciences Center, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792.
Dr. Varkey: Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 South First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153.
Dr. Man: Rush Medical College, 1901 West Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60612.
Dr. McMurray: William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, 2500 Overlook Terrace, Madison, WI 53705.
Dr. Maguire: Medical College of Wisconsin, General Internal Medicine, Froedert East Office Building, Suite 4200, 9200 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226.
Dr. Horner-Ibler: Bread of Healing Clinic, 1821 North 16th Street, Milwaukee, WI 53205.
Dr. Schwartz: Veterans Affairs New York Harbor Healthcare System, 423 East 23rd Street, Suite 15N, New York, NY 10010.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: M. Linzer, L.B. Manwell, E.S. Williams, B. Man, J.E. McMurray, B. Horner-Ibler, M.D. Schwartz.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: M. Linzer, L.B. Manwell, J.A. Bobula, R.L. Brown, J.E. McMurray, M.D. Schwartz.
Drafting of the article: M. Linzer, L.B. Manwell, E.S. Williams.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: M. Linzer, L.B. Manwell, E.S. Williams, J.A. Bobula, R.L. Brown, A. Maguire, M.D. Schwartz.
Final approval of the article: M. Linzer, L.B. Manwell, E.S. Williams, R.L. Brown, A.B. Varkey, A. Maguire, B. Horner-Ibler, M.D. Schwartz.
Provision of study materials or patients: L.B. Manwell, A.B. Varkey, B. Man, A. Maguire, B. Horner-Ibler, M.D. Schwartz.
Statistical expertise: E.S. Williams, J.A. Bobula, R.L. Brown.
Obtaining of funding: M. Linzer, L.B. Manwell, E.S. Williams.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: M. Linzer, L.B. Manwell, A.B. Varkey, J.E. McMurray, B. Horner-Ibler.
Collection and assembly of data: L.B. Manwell, J.A. Bobula, A.B. Varkey, B. Man, J.E. McMurray, A. Maguire, B. Horner-Ibler, M.D. Schwartz.
For a list of the MEMO investigators, see the Appendix.
Linzer M, Manwell LB, Williams ES, Bobula JA, Brown RL, Varkey AB, et al. Working Conditions in Primary Care: Physician Reactions and Care Quality. Ann Intern Med. 2009;151:28-36. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-151-1-200907070-00006
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2009;151(1):28-36.
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