Roger Chou, MD; Amir Qaseem, MD, PhD, MHA; Douglas K. Owens, MD, MS; Paul Shekelle, MD, PhD; for the Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians
Acknowledgment: The authors thank Paul Dallas, Thomas D. Denberg, Mary Ann Forciea, Robert H. Hopkins, Linda L. Humphrey, Holger J. Schünemann, and Donna E. Sweet of ACP's Clinical Guidelines Committee and Vincenza Snow and Steven Weinberger at ACP for reviewing the manuscript and providing suggestions for revisions, and Rongwei Fu for statistical assistance.
Disclaimer: The authors of this article are responsible for its contents, including any clinical or treatment recommendations.
Financial Support: Financial support for the development of this guideline comes exclusively from the American College of Physicians' operating budget.
Potential Conflicts of Interest: Dr. Chou: Consulting fee or honorarium: Wellpoint, Palladian Health, Consumers Union, Blue Cross Blue Shield Association; Grants/grants pending: American Pain Society; Payment for manuscript preparation: American College of Physicians. Dr. Owens: Support for travel to meetings for the study or other purposes: American College of Physicians; Consultancy: Anthem/Wellpoint. Dr. Shekelle: Grants/grants pending: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; Royalties: UptoDate; Other: Unpaid advisor for a Wellpoint project that seeks to identify and certify high-quality back pain centers of excellence. Disclosures can also be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M10-1394. Any conflict of interest of the Clinical Guidelines Committee members was declared, discussed, and resolved.
Requests for Single Reprints: Amir Qaseem, MD, PhD, MHA, American College of Physicians, 190 N. Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106; e-mail, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Chou: Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 Southwest Sam Jackson Park Road, Mailcode BICC, Portland, OR 97239.
Dr. Qaseem: American College of Physicians, 190 N. Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106.
Dr. Owens: Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Healthcare System, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304.
Dr. Shekelle: Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90073.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: R. Chou, A. Qaseem, D. Owens, P. Shekelle.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: R. Chou, A. Qaseem, D. Owens.
Drafting of the article: R. Chou, A. Qaseem, D. Owens.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: R. Chou, A. Qaseem, D. Owens, P. Shekelle.
Final approval of the article: R. Chou, A. Qaseem, D. Owens, P. Shekelle.
Administrative, technical, or logistic support: A. Qaseem.
Collection and assembly of data: R. Chou.
This paper, written by Roger Chou, MD; Amir Qaseem, MD, PhD, MHA; Douglas K. Owens, MD, MS; and Paul Shekelle, MD, PhD, was developed for the Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians: Paul Shekelle, MD, PhD (Chair); Roger Chou, MD; Paul Dallas, MD; Thomas D. Denberg, MD, PhD: Nick Fitterman, MD; Mary Ann Forciea, MD; Robert H. Hopkins Jr., MD; Linda L. Humphrey, MD, MPH; Tanvir P. Mir, MD; Douglas K. Owens, MD, MS; Holger J. Schünemann, MD, PhD; Donna E. Sweet, MD; and David S. Weinberg, MD, MSc. Approved by the ACP Board of Regents on 20 November 2010.
Chou R, Qaseem A, Owens DK, Shekelle P, for the Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians. Diagnostic Imaging for Low Back Pain: Advice for High-Value Health Care From the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2011;154:181-189. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-154-3-201102010-00008
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2011;154(3):181-189.
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